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2.1.2 Linux will NOT run on 286 or earlier. 
- xfree86.org -> new tree on 4.4RC2 because licensing is not GPL-compatible 
3.7.5.2 To configure your keyboard:
    # dpkg-reconfigure console-data
3.7.5.3 Configure Networking
    # editor /etc/network/interfaces
3.7.5.4 Configure Timezone, Users, and APT
- Set your timezone, add a normal user, and choose your apt sources 
    # /usr/sbin/base-config
3.7.5.5 Configure Locales
- To configure your locale settings to use a language other than English, 
  install the locales support package and configure it:
    # apt-get install locales
    # dpkg-reconfigure locales
3.7.6 Install a Kernel
- Identify available pre-packaged kernels with
    # apt-cache search kernel-image
- Then install your choice using its package name.
    # apt-get install kernel-image-2.X.X-arch-etc
3.8.1 Invoking the BIOS Set-Up Menu
- [From: burnesa@cat.com (Shaun Burnet)]
AMI BIOS
    Del key during the POST (power on self test) 
Award BIOS
    Ctrl-Alt-Esc, or Del key during the POST 
DTK BIOS
    Esc key during the POST 
IBM PS/2 BIOS
    Ctrl-Alt-Ins after Ctrl-Alt-Del 
Phoenix BIOS
    Ctrl-Alt-Esc or Ctrl-Alt-S or F1 
3.8.2.2 Changing the Boot Order on SCSI Computers
1. As your computer starts, press the keys to enter the SCSI setup utility.
   You can start the SCSI setup utility after the memory check and the message
   about how to start the BIOS utility displays when you start your computer.
   The keystrokes you need depend on the utility. Often, it is Ctrl-F2. 
   However, consult your hardware documentation for the exact keystrokes. 
2. Find the utility for changing the boot order.
3. Set the utility so that the SCSI ID of the CD drive is first on the list.
4. Save your changes. Instructions on the screen tell you how to save the 
   changes on your computer. Often, you must press F10.
3.8.2.3 CD-ROM Settings
- Some BIOS systems (such as Award BIOS) allow you to automatically set the 
  CD speed. You should avoid that, and instead set it to, say, the lowest 
  speed. If you get seek failed error messages, this may be your problem.
3.8.2.4 Extended vs. Expanded Memory
- If your system provides both extended and expanded memory, set it so that 
  there is as much extended and as little expanded memory as possible. Linux 
  requires extended memory and cannot use expanded memory. 
3.8.2.6 Shadow RAM
- Your motherboard may provide shadow RAM or BIOS caching. You may see 
  settings for ``Video BIOS Shadow'', ``C800-CBFF Shadow'', etc. Disable 
  all shadow RAM. Shadow RAM is used to accelerate access to the ROMs on 
  your motherboard and on some of the controller cards. Linux does not use 
  these ROMs once it has booted because it provides its own faster 32-bit 
  software in place of the 16-bit programs in the ROMs. Disabling the shadow 
  RAM may make some of it available for programs to use as normal memory. 
  Leaving the shadow RAM enabled may interfere with Linux access to hardware 
  devices. 
3.8.2.7 Miscellaneous BIOS Settings to Watch Out For
- If your BIOS offers something like ``15-16 MB Memory Hole'', please 
  disable that. Linux expects to find memory there if you have that much RAM.
- We have a report of an Intel Endeavor motherboard on which there is an 
  option called ``LFB'' or ``Linear Frame Buffer''. This had two settings: 
  ``Disabled'' and ``1 Megabyte''. Set it to ``1 Megabyte''. When disabled, 
  the installation floppy was not read correctly, and the system eventually 
  crashed. At this writing we don't understand what's going on with this 
  particular device  it just worked with that setting and not without it.
3.8.2.8 Advanced Power Management
- If your motherboard provides Advanced Power Management (APM), configure it 
  so that power management is controlled by APM. Disable the doze, standby, 
  suspend, nap, and sleep modes, and disable the hard disk's power-down timer. 
  Linux can take over control of these modes, and can do a better job of 
  power-management than the BIOS. The version of the operating system 
  kernel on the installation floppies does not, however, use APM, because 
  we've had reports of one laptop system crashing when the Linux APM driver 
  is configured. Once you've installed Linux, you can build a custom-
  configured version of the Linux kernel; see Compiling a New Kernel, 
  Section 9.6 for instructions. 
3.8.3 Hardware Issues to Watch Out For
- If you do have true-parity RAM and your motherboard can handle it, 
  be sure to enable any BIOS settings that cause the motherboard to 
  interrupt on memory parity errors.
4.3.1 Writing Disk Images From a Linux or Unix System
- If you don't know how to boot into DOS, just hit F8 while booting.
4.5 Preparing Files for TFTP Net Booting
- The Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP) is one way to tell your 
  client what IP address to use for itself. Another way is to use the 
  BOOTP protocol. BOOTP is an IP protocol that informs a computer of its 
  IP address and where on the network to obtain a boot image. The DHCP 
  (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a more flexible, backwards-
  compatible extension of BOOTP. Some systems can only be configured via DHCP.
4.5.4 Enabling the TFTP Server
- If you've had to change /etc/inetd.conf, you'll have to notify the running 
  inetd process that the file has changed. On a Debian machine, run 
  /etc/init.d/netbase reload (for potato/2.2 and newer systems use 
  /etc/init.d/inetd reload); on other machines, find out the process ID 
  for inetd, and run kill -HUP inetd-pid.
5.7.1 Using the Shell and Viewing the Logs
- Error messages are redirected to the third virtual terminal (known as tty3).
- These messages can also be found in /var/log/messages. After installation, 
  this log is copied to /var/log/installer.log on your new system.
- During the Base installation, package unpacking and setup messages are 
  redirected to tty4. 
6.2 The Directory Tree
- The root partition / must always physically contain /etc, /bin, /sbin, 
  /lib and /dev, otherwise you won't be able to boot. Typically 100 MB is 
  needed for the root partition, but this may vary.
6.3 PC Disk Limitations
- ``Primary'' partitions are the original partitioning scheme for PC disks. 
  However, there can only be four of them. To get past this limitation, 
  ``extended'' and ``logical'' partitions were invented. By setting one of 
  your primary partitions as an extended partition, you can subdivide all 
  the space allocated to that partition into logical partitions. You can 
  create up to 60 logical partitions per extended partition; however, you 
  can only have one extended partition per drive.
- Linux limits the partitions per drive to 15 partitions for SCSI disks 
  (3 usable primary partitions, 12 logical partitions), and 63 partitions 
  on an IDE drive (3 usable primary partitions, 60 logical partitions). 
  However the normal Debian GNU/Linux system provides only 20 devices for 
  partitions, so you may not install on partitions higher than 20 unless 
  you first manually create devices for those partitions.
- Once Linux is booted, no matter what BIOS your computer has, these 
  restrictions no longer apply, since Linux does not use the BIOS for 
  disk access.
- The recommended way of accomplishing this is to create a small (5-10MB 
  should suffice) partition at the beginning of the disk to be used as the 
  boot partition, and then create whatever other partitions you wish to 
  have, in the remaining area. This boot partition must be mounted on 
  /boot, since that is the directory where the Linux kernel(s) will 
  be stored. This configuration will work on any system, regardless of 
  whether LBA or large disk CHS translation is used, and regardless of 
  whether your BIOS supports the large disk access extensions.
6.4 Recommended Partitioning Scheme
- One rule of thumb which works well is to use as much swap as you have 
  system memory. It also shouldn't be smaller than 16MB, in most cases. 
  Of course, there are exceptions to these rules. If you are trying to solve 
  10000 simultaneous equations on a machine with 256MB of memory, you 
  may need a gigabyte (or more) of swap.
- On 32-bit architectures (i386, m68k, 32-bit SPARC, and PowerPC), the 
  maximum size of a swap partition is 2GB (on Alpha and SPARC64, it's so 
  large as to be virtually unlimited). 
6.5 Device Names in Linux
- The logical partitions are numbered starting at 5, so the first logical 
  partition on that same drive is /dev/hda5. Remember that the extended 
  partition, that is, the primary partition holding the logical partitions, 
  is not usable by itself. This applies to SCSI disks as well as IDE disks.
7.7 ``Configure the Network''
- If you can't find any of these answers, use the system's guesses  you can 
  change them once the system has been installed, if necessary, by editing 
  /etc/network/interfaces. Alternatively, you can install etherconf, which 
  will step you through your network setup.
8.3 Debian Post-Boot (Base) Configuration
- If you wish to re-run the base-config at any point after installation is 
  complete, as root run base-config. 
8.11 Configuring APT
- The helper application which assists in this task is called apt-setup.
- Note that you can re-run this tool at any point after installation by 
  running apt-setup, or by manually editing /etc/apt/sources.list.
8.12 Package Installation: Simple or Advanced
- You should know that for simple installation, base-config is merely 
  invoking the tasksel program. For advanced package installation, the 
  dselect program is being run. Either of these can be run at any time 
  after installation to install more packages. If you are looking for a 
  specific single package, after installation is complete, simply run 
  apt-get install package, where package is the name of the package you 
  are looking for.
11.3 Linux Devices
     sr0        SCSI CD-ROM with the lowest SCSI ID
     sr1        SCSI CD-ROM with the next higher SCSI ID

     ttyS0      Serial port 0, COM1 under MS-DOS
     ttyS1      Serial port 1, COM2 under MS-DOS
     psaux      PS/2 mouse device
     gpmdata    Pseudo device, repeater data from GPM (mouse) daemon
11.3.1 Setting Up Your Mouse
- The mouse can be used in both the Linux console (with gpm) and the 
  X window environment. The two uses can be made compatible if the gpm 
  repeater is used to allow the signal to flow to the X server as shown:
     mouse => /dev/psaux  => gpm => /dev/gpmdata -> /dev/mouse => X
              /dev/ttyS0             (repeater)        (symlink)
              /dev/ttyS1

060213
rpm -qi --listfiles == dpkg -L